The History of Fountains

The History of Fountains Hundreds of classic Greek documents were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. Beautifying Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the heart of his ambitions. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the rebuilding of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman custom of marking the arrival point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. At the bidding of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti undertook the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. The water which eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona flowed from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.

Rome’s First Water Delivery Systems

Rome’s First Water Delivery Systems With the building of the very first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hillsides no longer had to be dependent only on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. If residents residing at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the other existing systems of the day, cisterns that collected rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a new approach was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to deliver water to Pincian Hill. Spanning the length of the aqueduct’s channel were pozzi, or manholes, that gave entry. During the some 9 years he had the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the network in buckets, though they were actually established for the function of maintaining and servicing the aqueduct. Even though the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t provide enough water. Via an opening to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was set to meet his water desires.
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