The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The Influence of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon LandscapingInfluence Norman Invasion Anglo-Saxon Landscaping 6984369633.jpg The arrival of the Normans in the second half of the eleventh century substantially altered The Anglo-Saxon ways of living. Engineering and gardening were skills that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. However, there was no time for home life, domesticated architecture, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Because of this, castles were cruder buildings than monasteries: Monasteries were usually immense stone buildings located in the biggest and most fecund valleys, while castles were erected on windy crests where their residents dedicated time and space to tasks for offense and defense. Peaceful pastimes such as gardening were out of place in these desolate citadels. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most unchanged model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A monumental terrace serves as a deterrent to invaders who would attempt to mine the walls of the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a charming bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome

Early Water Supply Techniques in The City Of RomeEarly Water Supply Techniques City Rome 222225007632.jpg Prior to 273, when the 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was established in Rome, citizens who resided on hillsides had to journey even further down to gather their water from natural sources. If residents residing at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to depend on the remaining existing systems of the time, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. To furnish water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they applied the new strategy of redirecting the circulation from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. During its initial building and construction, pozzi (or manholes) were installed at set intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were created to make it much easier to sustain the aqueduct, it was also feasible to use containers to pull water from the channel, which was utilized by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he acquired the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. The cistern he had made to gather rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water specifications. That is when he made the decision to create an access point to the aqueduct that ran underneath his residential property.

Where did Landscape Fountains Come From?

Where did Landscape Fountains Come From? A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to supply drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.Landscape Fountains Come From? 55379927228179509316.jpg

Pure practicality was the original purpose of fountains. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, from aqueducts or springs in the vicinity. Up to the late 19th century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or shoot high into the air. Fountains were not only utilized as a water source for drinking water, but also to decorate homes and celebrate the artist who created it. Roman fountains usually depicted imagery of animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to mimic the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exert his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries manufactured baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the location where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the standard of the day for clean, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Amazing water effects and recycled water were made possible by switching the force of gravity with mechanical pumps.

These days, fountains adorn public spaces and are used to recognize individuals or events and fill recreational and entertainment needs.

Choose from all Types of Exterior Water Features

Choose from all Types of Exterior Water Features Make your dream a reality by creating an haven of tranquility in your yard. You can benefit from a water feature by incorporating an outdoor fountain to your garden and creating a place of tranquility.

Sending a stream of water straight into the air, spouting fountains leave a spectacular impression.Choose Types Exterior Water Features 79175900.jpg Large, existing ponds can easily be fitted with one of these. You can find these in community recreational areas or old mansions.

Wall fountains are an great illustration of outdoor wall features. These types of fountains make for a great addition to your yard even if it is small. Wall fountains make a subtle impression, contrary to the big effect produced by spouting fountains. In this straightforward process, water is ejected from a little spout, runs down a beautifully textured wall, before being collected at the bottom and returned to the top once again.

Your garden’s style determines whether a themed fountain is best for you. Consider a classic type of statue, such as a cherub supporting a spout, for the fountain if your home or garden is rustic in style. Something unique and striking could be an alternative for more modern gardens. Let your mind run free to choose the best option.

Tiered fountains are charming because the water flows down multiple levels. Due to the water streaming down its multiple levels, these are also called cascading fountains.

Due to the fact that outdoor fountains can take up a lot of space, fit in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain if the space you have is limited. These types of fountains are perfect for an area with limited space because their reservoirs are buried underground.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of peace. Bamboo sticks act as the piping from which water flows in these kinds of water features. Water then flows into a container or a shaped stone, only to repeat the pattern over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain available is the glass fountain. Creating a more classical look are trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features of this type are a perfect alternative for gardens with many sharp edges as well as contemporary shapes and design. The flowing water produces a striking effect as it moves down the glass panels. Colored LED lights are also included in some fountains to illuminate the water as it progresses down the sheet of glass. Often made of fake rock, rock waterfall fountains have water slowly trickling down its surface.

Bubbling rock fountains are big rocks drilled with holes which are then filled with pipes in the middle. Low pressure is used to push up the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Downward flowing water appears as soft dribble as it moves down the sides of the rock to go back to its base. Small gardens are ideal for this kind of fountain. This sort of fountain, which uses low pressure to move water, is suitable because it prevents water from being sprayed around in windy weather.

Solar fountains have recently gained in appeal because they are powered by sunlight. There are numerous reasons for this newly found interest such as the absence of cables, less difficulty in running them, a decrease in electricity bills, and the benefits to the environment. The varied designs in outdoor solar-run fountains means you will not have to compromise on style.

Keeping Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Clean

Keeping Outdoor Wall Fountain Clean 41464080844.jpg Keeping Your Outdoor Wall Fountain Clean Proper care and regular cleaning are important to the longevity of water fountains. Leaves, twigs, and bugs often find their way into fountains, so it is vital to keep yours free from such debris. Additionally, anywhere light from the sun mixes with still water, algae can develop. Mix hydrogen peroxide, sea salt, or vinegar into the water to avoid this particular issue. There are those who choose to use bleach, but that is dangerous to any animals that might drink or bathe in the water - so should therefore be avoided.

No more than 3-4 months should go by without an extensive cleaning of a fountain. Before you can start cleaning it you should empty out all of the water. When it is empty, clean inside the reservoir with a gentle cleanser. If there are any small grooves, use a toothbrush to reach every spot. Be sure to completely rinse the interior of the fountain to make sure all the soap is gone.

Make sure you get rid of any calcium or plankton by taking the pump apart and scrubbing the inside properly. Soaking it in vinegar for a while will make it easier to scrub. Build-up can be a big problem, so use mineral or rain water over tap water, when possible, to reduce this dilemma.

One final recommendation for keeping your fountain in top working shape is to check the water level every day and make sure it is full. Permitting the water level to get too low can result in damage to the pump - and you certainly don't want that!

Installation and Maintenance of Garden Water fountains

Installation and Maintenance of Garden Water fountains A very important first step is to think about the dimensions of the outdoor wall fountain with regards to the area you have available for it. A strong wall is definitely needed to hold up its overall weight.Installation Maintenance  Garden Water fountains 567491372421.jpg Areas or walls which are small will require a lightweight fountain. An electrical socket near the fountain is required to power the fountain. There are many different models of fountains, each with their own set of simple, step-by-step directions.

The typical outdoor wall fountain is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. In the kit you are going to find all the needed elements: a submersible pump, hoses and basin, or reservoir. The basin, if it's not too big, can easily be hiddenin your garden among the plants. Once installed, wall fountains typically only need to have some light upkeep and regular cleaning.

Replenishing and purifying the water on a routine basis is very important. Remember to get rid of debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as swiftly as possible. Safeguarding your outdoor wall fountain from the cold winter temperatures is vital. Your pump may break when subjected to freezing water during the wintertime, so it is best to bring it indoors to prevent any damage. The bottom line is that if you properly maintain and care for your outdoor fountain, it will bring you joy for years to come.

Inventors of the First Outdoor Fountains Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted people,... read more


The Source of Today's Outdoor Fountains The translation of hundreds of ancient Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who ruled the Church in Rome from 1397 until 1455.... read more


Keeping Your Garden Fountain Tidy To ensure that water fountains last a long time, it is vital to practice regular maintenance.Leaves, twigs, and insects very often find their way into fountains, so it is important to keep yours free from such things.... read more


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Builders of the First Outside Garden Fountains Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-faceted individuals,... read more


Agrippa’s Splendid Water-lifting Machine In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting innovation lured the attention and compliments of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the final references of the gadget.... read more


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