Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles

Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started supplying the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up until then. If people living at higher elevations did not have access to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to be dependent on the remaining existing solutions of the time, cisterns that accumulated rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from under ground. From the early sixteenth century, water was routed to Pincian Hill through the subterranean channel of Acqua Vergine. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at regular stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Even though they were primarily designed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to gather water from the channel, opening when he acquired the property in 1543.Aqueducts: Remedy Rome's Water Troubles 2872135090370026.jpg The cistern he had built to obtain rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water demands. To provide himself with a more practical system to gather water, he had one of the manholes exposed, giving him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Vast Array of Exterior Fountains

The Vast Array of Exterior Fountains Convert your garden into what you have always desired – an oasis of serenity. Add a sense of peace to your garden with an exterior fountain and avail yourself of all the positive effects of a water feature.

A dramatic impact is produced when a spouting fountain sends a shooting stream of water up into the air.Vast Array Exterior Fountains 905546603.jpg Large, existing ponds can have one of these built-in without much trouble. Parks and historical stately homes often have one these water features.

Outdoor water features are available in a variety of forms, one of which is a chic wall fountain. These kinds of fountains make excellent water features even if you only have a small garden. Spouting fountains usually make quite an impact whereas wall features are more of a subtle type of water feature. In this simple process. the water which is forced out of a small opening, flows down a beautifully textured wall and is then collected at the bottom before being pumped back to the top.

Dependent on the design you have chosen for the garden, you could think about a themed fountain. If your cottage or garden is styled in a rustic manner, you should consider including a classic type of statue, such as a seraph holding the spout, to your fountain. Consider installing something bolder and distinctive for a modern-day garden. Let your imagination run free to decide on the best option.

The central characteristic of tiered fountains is the numerous levels spewing out water. Water streaming down multiple levels of this water feature is the main attribute of a cascading fountain.

Since external fountains require a great deal of space, think about putting in a wall fountain or a pondless fountain. Install one of these fountains if your space is limited since their reservoirs are hidden from sight underground.

Include a Japanese fountain if you are looking for a feeling of relaxation. In this type of water feature the water runs through bamboo sticks. A rustic bucket or shaped stone is situated at the bottom of this feature to collect the flowing water only to have the cycle repeated over and over again.

One of the many designs of fountain available is the glass fountain. Producing a more classical appearance are trellis-style fountains which feature shaped metalwork. Water features of this kind are a perfect option for gardens with many sharp edges along with contemporary forms and design. A wondrous effect is produced when water runs down the sheets of glass. In some instances, the water is colored by LED lights as it flows down the glass panels. With water softly running down its surface, rock waterfall fountains, often made of fake rock, are a possible solution for your garden.

The feature which distinguishes a bubbling rock fountain is a large rock drilled with holes where pipes can be inserted into its center. Low pressure is used to spout out the water which then bubbles and gurgles at the top. Water then streams as a gentle trickle down the sides of the rock to its base. Gardens with limited space are good areas to include this style of fountain. Water is moved at low pressure in this type of fountain, so you can rest assured that it will not spray all over should the wind pick up.

The trend of installing solar powered fountains is becoming increasingly prevalent. The lack of cables, the decreased hassle in dealing with them, the lower energy bills, and the benefits to our ecosystem are just some of the reasons for this increased interest. The wide-ranging designs in outdoor solar-run fountains signifies you will not have to compromise on style.

Beautiful Wall Water Features

Beautiful Wall Water Features Your family and friends will appreciate the elegance a wall fountain brings to your decor. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its splendor but also your ears with the soothing background sounds it generates. Consider the positive effects it will have on visitors when they experience its wondrous sights and sounds.

A wall fountain can contribute a great deal of elegance, even to today's living areas. Also made in modern-day materials such as stainless steel or glass, they can add pizzazz to your interior design. Is space limited in your residence or place of work?Beautiful Wall Water Features 55138589.jpg A wall water fountain might be the ideal option for you. They take up no room since they are mounted on a wall. Commercial buildings with busy lobbies oftentimes have one of these fountains. Wall fountains are not limited to inside use, however. Consider using fiberglass or resin for your outside wall water feature. Enliven your garden, porch, or other outdoor space with a water fountain made of these water-resistant materials.

There is wide array of different styles in wall fountains running from the contemporary to classic and rustic. You can choose the best style based upon your own preferences. The materials utilzed to decorate a mountain lodge are different from that needed to embellish a high-rise apartment, the former perhaps requiring slate and the latter better served with sleek glass. The material you select depends solely on your decor ideas. Fountains are features which no doubt thrill folks who visit your home.

The Dispersion of Water Fountain Design Technology

Dispersion Water Fountain Design Technology 8019878534.jpg The Dispersion of Water Fountain Design Technology Throughout Europe, the primary means of spreading useful hydraulic facts and fountain design ideas were the published papers and illustrated books of the day, which contributed to the advancement of scientific innovation. A globally renowned innovator in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. By designing landscapes and grottoes with built-in and clever water attributes, he started off his occupation in Italy by earning imperial commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. In France, towards the closure of his lifetime, he published “The Principle of Moving Forces”, a publication that became the primary text on hydraulic technology and engineering. Updating vital hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity, the publication also details contemporary hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a mechanical way to move water, and devised by Archimedes, was featured in the book. Sunlight heating water in a couple of containers unseen in a room next to an decorative water fountain was displayed in one illustration. The end result: the water feature is activated by the hot liquid expanding and rising up the pipelines. Models for pumps, water wheels, water features and garden ponds are also mentioned in the publication.

A Short History of Early Outdoor Water Fountains

Short History Early Outdoor Water Fountains 08366341508796477.jpg A Short History of Early Outdoor Water Fountains Villages and communities relied on functional water fountains to funnel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, streams, or creeks. In the days before electricity, the spray of fountains was driven by gravity alone, usually using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the nearby hills. Fountains spanning history have been developed as monuments, impressing local citizens and travelers alike. Rough in style, the 1st water fountains didn't look much like present fountains. Simple stone basins sculpted from nearby stone were the original fountains, used for spiritual functions and drinking water. 2000 BC is when the earliest known stone fountain basins were used. The earliest civilizations that made use of fountains relied on gravity to push water through spigots. Positioned near aqueducts or springs, the functional public water fountains furnished the local residents with fresh drinking water. Fountains with elaborate decoration began to appear in Rome in approx. 6 B.C., normally gods and creatures, made with stone or bronze. Water for the communal fountains of Rome was delivered to the city via a complex system of water aqueducts.
... read more


... read more


... read more


Water Fountains Defined A water feature is a large element which has water flowing in or through it.The broad array of choices available range from a simple hanging wall fountain to an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain.... read more


... read more


... read more