Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems

Acqua Vergine: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems Rome’s first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; prior to that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local creeks for their water.Acqua Vergine: Answer Rome's Water Problems 646889388.jpg When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at higher elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. In the very early 16th century, the city began to use the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to supply drinking water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. The manholes made it easier to maintain the channel, but it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the aqueduct, as we viewed with Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi when he possessed the property from 1543 to 1552, the year he passed away. Though the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t produce a sufficient amount of water. To provide himself with a more useful system to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened up, offering him access to the aqueduct below his property.

The Origins of Contemporary Wall Fountains

The Origins of Contemporary Wall Fountains Himself a highly educated man, Pope Nicholas V headed the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 till 1455 and was responsible for the translation of scores of age-old texts from their original Greek into Latin. Embellishing Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the center of his ambitions.Origins Contemporary Wall Fountains 387503989804.jpg Starting in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent repair at the behest of the Pope. A mostra, a monumental celebratory fountain constructed by ancient Romans to mark the point of entry of an aqueduct, was a custom which was revived by Nicholas V. The present-day location of the Trevi Fountain was previously occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and built by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. The water which eventually provided the Trevi Fountain as well as the acclaimed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona came from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.

Did You Know How Mechanical Designs of Water Fountains Became Known?

Did You Know How Mechanical Designs of Water Fountains Became Known? Dissiminating pragmatic hydraulic facts and water feature design ideas all through Europe was accomplished with the printed documents and illustrated books of the time. An unnamed French water feature engineer came to be an internationally renowned hydraulic leader in the late 1500's. His know-how in making gardens and grottoes with incorporated and imaginative water attributes began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. He wrote a publication titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the end of his lifetime while in France that became the fundamental text on hydraulic technology and engineering. The publication modified key hydraulic breakthroughs since classical antiquity as well as explaining modern day hydraulic technologies. Prominent among these works were those of Archimedes, the developer of the water screw, a mechanical method of transferring water. An decorative spring with sunlight heating up the liquid in two vessels hidden in a nearby accommodation was presented in one illustration. The hot liquid expands and then rises and shuts the pipes consequently triggering the water fountain. Pumps, water wheels, water attributes and garden pond concepts are covered in the publication.

The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains

City Rome, Gian Bernini, Water Fountains 993535442100307247.jpg The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains There are many famous Roman water features in its city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, conceptualized and built nearly all of them. He was also a urban architect, in addition to his abilities as a fountain developer, and records of his life's work are noticeable throughout the avenues of Rome. Eventually transferring to Rome to completely show their art, chiefly in the form of public water fountains, Bernini’s father, a famed Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son. An diligent employee, the young Bernini acquired compliments and the backing of various popes and important designers. His sculpture was originally his claim to glory. Most famously in the Vatican, he utilized a base of expertise in classic Greek architecture and melded it flawlessly with Roman marble. He was affected by many great artists, however, Michelangelo had the biggest effect on his work.

Sculpture As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece

Sculpture As a Staple of Classic Art in Historic Greece Up until the Archaic Greeks introduced the first freestanding sculpture, a remarkable achievement, carvings had largely been completed in walls and pillars as reliefs. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. The kouroi were believed by the Greeks to typify beauty and were sculpted with one foot leading and an uncompromising rigidity to their forward-facing poses; the male statues were always strapping, sinewy, and unclothed. The kouroi grew to be life-sized commencing in 650 BC.Sculpture Staple Classic Art Historic Greece 303392590789.jpg The Archaic period was an extraordinary time of change for the Greeks as they extended into new forms of government, produced novel expressions of art, and achieved insights of the people and cultures outside of Greece. The Arcadian battles, the Spartan invasion of Samos, and other wars between city-states are instances of the types of battles that arose commonly, which is consistent with other times of historical change.
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Rome, Gian Bernini, And Water Fountains There are numerous renowned water features in Rome’s city center.Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century developed, created and constructed almost all of them.... read more


Outdoor Fountains Hydro-Statics 101 Liquid in a state of equilibrium exerts pressure on the objects it contacts, including its container.There exist two types of force, hydrostatic energies and external forces.... read more


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Rome, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, And Public Fountains There are many celebrated water fountains in Rome’s city center.Nearly all of them were planned, designed and built by one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more