The Earliest Water Features

The Earliest Water Features As originally conceived, water fountains were designed to be practical, directing water from streams or reservoirs to the citizens of cities and settlements, where the water could be utilized for cooking food, cleaning, and drinking. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the flow and send water squirting from the fountain's spout, a system without equal until the later half of the 19th century. Striking and spectacular, prominent water fountains have been designed as memorials in most civilizations. If you saw the earliest fountains, you wouldn't identify them as fountains. The 1st known water fountain was a rock basin created that was used as a container for drinking water and ceremonial purposes. The oldest stone basins are suspected to be from about 2000 BC. The first civilizations that utilized fountains relied on gravity to drive water through spigots. Drinking water was supplied by public fountains, long before fountains became elaborate public monuments, as beautiful as they are functional. Creatures, Gods, and Spiritual figures dominated the initial ornate Roman fountains, beginning to appear in about 6 BC. The Romans had an elaborate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the many fountains that were situated throughout the urban center.

Contemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their Roots

Contemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains and their RootsContemporary Garden Decor: Garden Fountains Roots 315204196.jpg The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to enhance your home.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. People in cities, towns and villages received their drinking water, as well as water to bathe and wash, via aqueducts or springs in the area. Until the late 19th, century most water fountains functioned using gravity to allow water to flow or jet into the air, therefore, they needed a supply of water such as a reservoir or aqueduct located higher than the fountain. Designers thought of fountains as wonderful additions to a living space, however, the fountains also served to supply clean water and honor the artist responsible for building it. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to beautify their fountains. During the Middle Ages, Muslim and Moorish garden designers included fountains in their designs to re-create the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a considerable role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to glorify the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Urban fountains built at the end of the 19th century functioned only as decorative and celebratory ornaments since indoor plumbing provided the necessary drinking water. The introduction of special water effects and the recycling of water were 2 things made possible by replacing gravity with mechanical pumps.

Decorating city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the purposes of modern-day fountains.

An Intro to Herbs in The Garden

Intro Herbs Garden 792078967.jpg An Intro to Herbs in The Garden Some gardeners are enticed to herbal plants which can easily be raised inside the house and out and are suitable in a variety of cooking methods. Herbs are very simple to grow indoors or outdoors and offer near-instant satisfaction, they are utilized in marinades, sauces, soups and other great recipes. Maintaining your herb garden all year is easy to do as you can cultivate the herbal plants in pots and move them in when the weather starts to turn cold. You can incorporate a lot of things in your backyard, including perennial herbs especially because they do not need replanting at the close of the year and don't die easily. Over and above this, you might consider your personal taste preferences when selecting herbs to flavor dishes. Basil, oregano, and thyme are great herbs to plant if you enjoy cooking and eating Italian food. If you prefer Latin themed food, you may choose to cultivate cilantro instead. You must decide where your herb garden will be grown in order to figure out which herbs will grow best. If you live in a mild climate, with warm winters and relatively cool summers, it may be easiest to plant straight into the ground. This is a great way to spruce up your backyard without having the problem of buying or creating planters. Are you worried that your location has horrendous climate that might cause your vegetation to die or become dormant? Try out planters as with their versatility and usefulness allows you to move the herbs indoors at any time.

The Father Of Roman Garden Fountain Design

The Father Of Roman Garden Fountain Design In Rome’s city center, there are many celebrated water features. Pretty much all of them were designed, conceived and built by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Also a city builder, he had capabilities as a fountain developer, and remnants of his life's work are noticeable throughout the roads of Rome. Bernini's father, a celebrated Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they finally transferred in Rome, to fully show their art in the form of community water features and water fountains. An excellent worker, the young Bernini received compliments and the backing of various popes and important designers. At first he was well known for his sculpting skills. Most particularly in the Vatican, he used a base of knowledge in historical Greek architecture and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble. Though he was influenced by many, Michelangelo had the most serious impact on him, both personally and professionally.

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems

Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems 8828369032.jpg Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, commenced providing the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had relied on natural springs up until then. Throughout this period, there were only 2 other systems capable of supplying water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. Starting in the sixteenth century, a newer strategy was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean sections to supply water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were constructed at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. During the roughly nine years he had the residential property, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi employed these manholes to take water from the channel in buckets, though they were previously designed for the function of maintaining and maintenance the aqueduct. The cistern he had constructed to collect rainwater wasn’t satisfactory to meet his water demands. By using an opening to the aqueduct that flowed under his property, he was set to satisfy his water wants.
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Aqueducts: The Answer to Rome's Water Problems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, started out providing the many people living in the hills with water in 273 BC, though they had relied on natural springs up till then.... read more


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