Rome’s Early Water Delivery Systems

Rome’s Early Water Delivery Systems 984001575688503.jpg Rome’s Early Water Delivery Systems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct founded in Rome, started out delivering the individuals living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up till then. During this time period, there were only two other technologies capable of providing water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. In the early sixteenth century, the city began to make use of the water that flowed below ground through Acqua Vergine to supply water to Pincian Hill. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. Although they were initially planned to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started out using the manholes to accumulate water from the channel, commencing when he obtained the property in 1543. Despite the fact that the cardinal also had a cistern to accumulate rainwater, it didn’t produce sufficient water. Fortunately, the aqueduct sat directly below his residence, and he had a shaft opened to give him access.

The Outcome of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design

The Outcome of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Garden Design The Anglo-Saxon way of life was drastically changed by the appearance of the Normans in the later eleventh century. Engineering and gardening were abilities that the Normans excelled in, trumping that of the Anglo-Saxons at the time of the occupation. But yet there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole realm. Castles were more basic constructions and often constructed on blustery hills, where their people spent both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were considerable stone buildings, commonly positioned in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these unproductive fortifications. Berkeley Castle is most likely the most complete model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is reported to have been developed during the time of William the Conqueror. A large terrace meant for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs about the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge cut into the figure of crude battlements.

Where did Landscape Fountains Originate from?

Where did Landscape Fountains Originate from? The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home.Landscape Fountains Originate from? 2685865265480.jpg

The primary purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. Cities, towns and villages made use of nearby aqueducts or springs to provide them with drinking water as well as water where they could bathe or wash. Up until the 19th century, fountains had to be more elevated and closer to a water source, including aqueducts and reservoirs, in order to benefit from gravity which fed the fountains. Acting as an element of decoration and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. The main materials used by the Romans to create their fountains were bronze or stone masks, mostly depicting animals or heroes. Muslims and Moorish landscaping designers of the Middle Ages included fountains to re-create smaller models of the gardens of paradise. Fountains played a significant role in the Gardens of Versailles, all part of French King Louis XIV’s desire to exercise his power over nature. To mark the entryway of the restored Roman aqueducts, the Popes of the 17th and 18th centuries commissioned the building of baroque style fountains in the spot where the aqueducts arrived in the city of Rome

The end of the 19th century saw the increase in usage of indoor plumbing to supply drinking water, so urban fountains were relegated to strictly decorative elements. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity allowed fountains to deliver recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Modern-day fountains serve mostly as decoration for community spaces, to honor individuals or events, and enhance entertainment and recreational gatherings.

Outside Garden Fountains Hydro-Statics 101

Outside Garden Fountains Hydro-Statics 101 All liquids in a state of equilibrium exert force on the materials it comes in contact with. There are 2 forms, hydrostatic load or external forces.Outside Garden Fountains Hydro-Statics 101 56181545752599.jpg The force applied by the liquid against a level wall is equivalent at every single point where it makes contact with the wall. When an subject is entirely submerged in a liquid, vertical force is applied to the object at every point. This applied force is known as buoyancy, while the principle itself is known as Archimedes’ principle. When hydrostatic force is exerted on an area of liquid, this will become hydrostatic pressure. These principles are applied to the containers used by plumbing, wells, and fountains.

The Intriguing Beauty of Wall Fountains

The Intriguing Beauty of Wall Fountains A wall fountain can be an important design element in your house or workplace, enough so that it makes a good impression on your family and friends alike. Having a wall water feature in your daily life not only stimulates the eyes with its splendor but also your ears with the soothing background sounds it creates. Imagine the positive effects it will have on guests when they experience its wondrous sights and sounds.

Even a living space with a modern-day style can be improved with a wall fountain. Stainless steel or glass are two of the materials used to construct modern-day types which add a stylish component to your room decoration. Is space limited in your residence or place of work? The best alternative for you is adding a wall water fountain.Intriguing Beauty Wall Fountains 3272114392.jpg They take up no room since they are placed on a wall. Commercial buildings with busy lobbies generally have one of these fountains. Indoor spaces are not the only places to display a wall fountain, however. Fiberglass or resin wall water features can be installed outdoors. Enhance your yard, deck, or other outdoor space with a water fountain made of these waterproof materials.

Wall fountains can be found in a variety of distinctive styles, ranging from ultra-sleek to traditional and rustic. The type you choose for your space is dictated by personal decoration preferences. A city dweller’s decor ideas might call for polished glass whereas a mountaineer might want a more traditional material such as slate for a mountain lodge. You can choose the material most appropriate to your needs. There is no questioning the fact that fountains are features which impress visitors and add to your quality of life.

"Primitive" Greek Art: Outdoor Statuary Archaic Greeks were well known for providing the first freestanding statuary; up till then, most carvings were formed out of walls and pillars as reliefs.Younger, ideal male or female (kore) Greeks were the subject matter of most of the statues, or kouros figures.... read more


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The Godfather Of Rome's Garden Fountains There are countless renowned Roman fountains in its city center.Practically all of them were designed, designed and built by one of the finest sculptors and artists of the 17th century, Gian Lorenzo Bernini.... read more


Rome’s Ingenious Water Transport Systems Aqua Anio Vetus, the first raised aqueduct assembled in Rome, began delivering the men and women living in the hills with water in 273 BC, although they had relied on natural springs up till then.... read more


The Elegance of Simple Garden Decor: The Outdoor Wall Fountain It is also feasible to locate your outdoor water fountain near a wall since they do not need to be hooked to a nearby pond.Excavating, installing and cleaning a nearby pond are no longer necessary.... read more


The Advantages of Installing an Interior Wall Water Fountain Add an ornamental and modern touch to your home by installing an indoor wall water element.These types of fountains lower noise pollution in your home or office, thereby allowing your family and clients to have a stress-fee and tranquil environment.... read more